Estimating and Costing Notes

S.n Description of item Unit of measurement 1 Site clearance sqm 2 Earthwork cum 3 Cutting of trees, girth specified no 4 Brick Soling sqm 5 Brick work in well staining cum 6 PCC/RCC work cum 7 Cornice, drip course, spring course rm 8 Cut stonework in jail 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 […]

Engineering Drawing Notes

→ Engineering drawing is an art of representation of an object by systemic line on a paper. Drawing is a Language of engineers. → The most important material for drawing is paper and pencil. Multiple Choice Question → Engineering Drawing Drawing Instrument Note1a. Hatching is done generally 45o to the mainline of the section.b. R.F […]

Building Material Notes

Construction material includes all materials used for civil construction work. eg, Stone, Brick, Cement, Wood, Paint, etc. Stone:- Stone is a natural material obtained from the quarry. Classification of Stone/Rock:- a. Geographical Classification i. Igneous Rock It is formed by the solidification of the molten mass of silicates below or surface of the earth. The […]

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Related Notes

Airport Engineering Notes.

➼ Airport:- any area of land or water used or intended for landing or takeoff of aircraft including appurtenant area used or intended for airport buildings, facilities, as well as rights of way together with the buildings and facilities. Multiple Choice Question ➼ Airport Engineering Typical Layout of Airport. Advantage/Role of Air transportation Disadvantages of air […]


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